The sweltering temperatures on the Tube’s Northern Line will soon begin keeping Islington homes cosy through the colder months, under a scheme to harness the heat from the London underground.
By the end of the year the project will pipe heat from the underground into hundreds of homes and businesses that are part of a local district heating scheme.
The project is one of a growing number of schemes across the UK designed to warm British homes using “waste heat” from factories, power plants, rivers and disused mine shafts.
The hunt for alternative sources of renewable heat has gained pace following the government’s pledge to ban boilers and radiators that run on gas from new-build homes from 2025.
The Islington heat network already keeps about 700 homes warm by channelling heat created in the Bunhill Energy Centre, which generates electricity, into local council housing, schools and a leisure centre.
The next phase of the project, due to be completed in the coming months, will extend the network to a further 450 homes.
The Tube project could pave the way for district heating schemes across the capital to warm homes with cheap, low carbon heat from London’s underground lines.
The Greater London Authority (GLA) estimates there is enough heat wasted in London to meet 38% of the capital’s heating demands.
Tim Rotheray, the head of the Association for Decentralised Energy, said district heating schemes were mushrooming across the UK as a low-cost tool in tackling the climate crisis.
“Almost half the energy used in the UK is for heat, and a third of UK emissions are from heating. With the government declaring that we must be carbon-neutral within 30 years we need to find a way to take the carbon out of our heating system,” Rotheray said.
“The opportunity that has become clear to the decentralised energy community is the idea of capturing waste heat and putting it to use locally.”
In urban and industrial settings, waste heat is produced wherever there are cooling systems, thermal power plants or heavy industry. The key to harnessing heat is to use it locally.
British Sugar’s Norfolk sugar factory pipes the excess heat produced while cooking syrup into a neighbouring 18 hectare greenhouse used to grow medical cannabis. It also pumps some of its carbon emissions into the greenhouse for the plants to convert to oxygen.
An even greater source of heat lies below many of Britain’s towns and cities: in the geothermal energy trapped in water at the bottom of old mines. Stoke-on-Trent is working on a £52m project to tap energy from hot water deposits deep underground. This will heat conventional water before it is pumped through the network to customers.
Stoke city council estimates the scheme, which will be operational by the winter of 2020, could cut its carbon emissions by an estimated 12,000 tonnes a year.
In Edinburgh, engineers at Ramboll have developed a plan to create a heat network that uses the water pooled in a vast disused mine as a giant underground thermal battery.
Paul Steen, who has proposed the project, believes the mine water offers “massive potential” to help the city meet its sustainability goals by connecting it to a renewable heating and cooling distribution system.
The flooded mine system lies up to 500 metres below ground, and measures eight kilometres in length by six wide.
During the summer heat produced by cooling systems and heavy industry could be pumped down into the aquifer where it will slowly raise the temperature of the water.
During the winter, the mine water would be pumped to the surface and “low grade” heat will be extracted in a heat exchanger. The water could then be pumped through a heat pump for heating homes and businesses.
Engineers in Glasgow have even found heat potential in the River Clyde.
The city’s £250m Queen’s Quay regeneration project in Clydebank will host a project that uses heat pumps to extract heat from the river water before piping it into a 2.5km-long network that includes 1,400 homes, businesses and public buildings.
It should provide a warm welcome to the 30,000 delegates due to attend the UN climate talks in Glasgow next year.